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Senin, 05 Desember 2011

HIDDEN BEAUTY KARIMUNJAWA ISLAND INDONESIA

Karimunjawa National Park is a cluster of 27 islands that have a type of lowland rain forest ecosystem, seagrass, algae, coastal forest, mangroves, and coral reefs.

Plants that became the hallmark National Park ie Karimunjawa dewodaru (Crystocalyx macrophyla) found in lowland rain forest. Groups of algae that can be found composed of three groups: green algae, brown algae and red algae. Coastal forests and mangrove forests are characterized by the presence of ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), teak sand (Scaerota frustescens), setigi (Strebus asper), sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), and black mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata).

Types of coral reefs in the National Park is a coral reef beach Karimunjawa / edge (fringing reef), coral reef barrier (barrier reef) and a few taka (patch reef). Species richness reached 51 genera, more than 90 species of hard coral and 242 species of ornamental fish. Two types of biota that protected the roots bahar / black coral (Antiphates spp.) And the red coral (Tubipora musica).

Other protected marine life such as goat's head (Cassis cornuta), triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), rock fight (Turbo marmoratus), and 6 types of clam.


Diversity of land animals in national parks is not too high compared with aquatic animals. Land animals which are common among other deer (Cervus timorensis subspec), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis karimondjawae); 40 species of birds such as green pergam (Ducula aenea), white belly sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), trocokan / merbah cerukcuk (Pycnonotus goiavier ), parakeet (Psittacula alexandri), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and snakes edhor. White belly sea eagle is an endangered species in the world.

Around the island there Kemujan Panama INDONO shipwrecks that sank in 1955, where at present a suitable habitat for reef fish and dive sites (wreck diving).

From the cluster of islands numbering 27 pieces, five of which had been uninhabited islands namely Pulau Publications, Kemujan Island, Parang Island, Mosquito Island, and Genting Island. Publications become the center of the island district that is ± 83 km from the city of Jepara (center of the famous wood carving artisans in Indonesia).

The name comes from the era Karimunjawa Sunan Muria is one of the leaders of Islamic propagator. Sunan Muria see the islands in Karimunjawa very faint from Java (kremun-pillar kremun Jowo). Sunan relics Nyamplungan / Amir Hasan (son of Sunan Muria) such as catfish (Clarias meladerma) without the shaft, the tomb Nyamplungan, wood dewodaru, sentigi, kalimosodo, and snakes edhor, hallowed by the population Karimunjawa.
Some locations / attractions to visit:
Small Menjangan Island, Menjangan Besar, Tanjung Gelam, Legon Lele, Genting, Twins, Parang, Casuarina and Krakal. Marine tourism such as sailing, water surfing, water skiing, swimming, sunbathing on white sand beaches, camping, cultural tours, observations of deer and birds and diving / snorkeling. Package tours to visit these islands can contact a travel agent in Hyderabad / Jepara (tour of up to seven days).

Cultural attractions outside the Park is the Durian and th Festival in January / March in Jepara.

The best visiting season: April / d in October each year.

How to reach the location: Semarang (indonesia), Jepara using the bus for 1.5 hours, Jepara (Port Kartini) with up to karimunjawa Fery / motor boats with long travel ± 6 hours, and there is only once a week (Monday). From Semarang (Achmad Yani Airport) to the island Kemujan (Bandar Dewodaru) by airplane, once a week (for a while the flight path is not enabled).

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